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Enhancements to the mass-rearing cage for the malaria vector, Anopheles arabiensis for improved adult longevity and egg production

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Maiga, Hamidou, Bimbile-Somda, Nanwintoum Severin, Yamada, Hanano, Wood, Oliver, Damiens, David, Mamai, Wadaka, Balestrino, Fabrizio, Lees, Rosemary ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4232-9125, Dabire, Roch K, Diabate, Abdoulaye and Gilles, J.R.L (2017) 'Enhancements to the mass-rearing cage for the malaria vector, Anopheles arabiensis for improved adult longevity and egg production'. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, Vol 164, Issue 3, pp. 269-275.

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Abstract

Innovations in mosquito mass-rearing techniques are essential in the quest to develop sterile insect technique methods to fight mosquito vectors of disease. This study reports modifications to the Food and Agriculture Organisation/International Atomic Energy Agency (FAO/IAEA) mass-rearing cage (MRC) for mosquitoes to support the behaviour of adult Anopheles arabiensis Patton (Diptera: Culicidae) and to maximise egg production. The effects of an improved sugar-feeding device, and the addition of resting sites and a black cloth shroud to create an artificial horizon (visual contrast of light vs. dark at the edge) were assessed for their effect on adult longevity and egg production. Egg production of adults resulting from larvae reared in individual free-standing trays vs. those reared in the same trays in the IAEA/FAO larval rearing rack was also compared. Finally, the effect of blood feeding and frequency of egg collection from the MRC on average egg production per batch was investigated. Overall, the modifications to the MRC enhanced adult longevity, and the improved cage prototype allowed the collection of more eggs overall from a cohort of adults than was possible using the original and previous cage prototypes. These stepwise improvements are important for the development of economical and logistically efficient mass-rearing systems for the malaria vector An. arabiensis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 505 Diptera
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 510 Mosquitoes
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 530 Culex
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 600 Insect control. Tick control
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1111/eea.12614
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2017 09:51
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2019 11:08
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/7568

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