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High prevalence of TB disease in contacts of adults with extrapulmonary TB

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Wingfield, Tom, MacPherson, Peter ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0329-9613, Cleary, Paul and Ormerod, L Peter (2018) 'High prevalence of TB disease in contacts of adults with extrapulmonary TB'. Thorax, Vol 73, Issue 8, pp. 785-787.

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Abstract

UK guidelines no longer recommend routine screening of household contacts of adult patients with extrapulmonary TB (EPTB). From 27 March 2012 to 28 June 2016, we investigated the prevalence of active TB disease in household contacts of 1023 EPTB index cases in North West England, and compared estimates with: published new entrant migrant screening programme prevalence (~147/100 000 person-years); London-based contact screening data (700/100 000 contacts screened); and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) new entrant TB screening thresholds (TB prevalence >40/100 000 people). Active TB disease prevalence in EPTB contacts was 440/100 000 contacts screened, similar to UK new entrant screening programmes, London EPTB contact prevalence and >10 times NICE’s threshold for new entrant screening. The decision to no longer recommend routine screening of EPTB contacts should be re-evaluated and cost-effectiveness analyses of screening strategies for EPTB contacts should be performed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 300 General. Refugees
WC Communicable Diseases > WC 20 Research (General)
WC Communicable Diseases > Infection. Bacterial Infections > Bacterial Infections > WC 200 Bacterial infections (General or not elsewhere classified)
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 200 Tuberculosis (General)
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 220 Diagnosis. Prognosis
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2017-210202
SWORD Depositor: JISC Pubrouter
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2017 15:53
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2018 10:35
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/7836

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