LSTM Home > LSTM Research > LSTM Online Archive

The extent of parasite-associated necrosis in the placenta and foetal tissues of cattle following Neospora caninum infection in early and late gestation correlates with foetal death

Gibney, E.H., Kipar, A., Rosbottom, A., Guy, C. S., Smith, R. F., Hetzel, U., Trees, Alexander J. and Williams, Diana J.L. (2008) 'The extent of parasite-associated necrosis in the placenta and foetal tissues of cattle following Neospora caninum infection in early and late gestation correlates with foetal death'. International Journal for Parasitology, Vol 38, Issue 5, pp. 579-588.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

The protozoan parasite Neospora caninum is the most frequently diagnosed abortifacient in the UK and a leading cause of abortion worldwide but the mechanisms leading to abortion are not fully understood. The distribution of parasites and the histopathological changes in the placenta and foetus were compared in 12 cows following experimental infection of cattle with N. caninum in early (n = 6) and late (n = 6) gestation, by PCR, immunohistology, light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Twelve uninfected pregnant cattle were used as controls. Infection in early gestation led to foetal death. In the placentae of cattle immediately following foetal death, N. caninum DNA was detected and there was evidence of widespread parasite dissemination. This was associated with extensive focal epithelial necrosis, serum leakage and moderate maternal interstitial mononuclear cell infiltration. In the foetuses, parasites were evident in all tissues examined and were associated with necrosis. In the placenta of cattle infected in late gestation, N. caninum DNA was detected sporadically but parasites were not evident immunohistologically. Small foci of necrosis were seen associated with mild interstitial mononuclear cell infiltration. Detection of N. caninum DNA in the foetuses was sporadic and parasites were demonstrated immunohistologically in brain and spinal cord only, with an associated mononuclear cell infiltration. This data is consistent with uncontrolled parasite spread in an immunologically immature foetus and could, via multiparenchymal necrosis of foetal tissues or the widespread necrosis and inflammation observed in the placenta, be the cause of Neospora-associated abortions. (C) 2007 Australian Society for Parasitology Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: neospora caninum cattle placenta foetal death necrosis inflammation bovine neosporosis immune-responses transplacental transmission protozoal infections pregnant cattle fetuses midgestation pathogenesis inoculation antibodies
Subjects: QX Parasitology > QX 4 General works
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Veterinary Parasitology Group (2002-2008)
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2007.09.015
Depositing User: Ms Julia Martin
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2010 15:39
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:00
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/787

Statistics

View details

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item