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MalHaploFreq: A computer programme for estimating malaria haplotype frequencies from blood samples

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Hastings, Ian ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1332-742X and Smith, T. A. (2008) 'MalHaploFreq: A computer programme for estimating malaria haplotype frequencies from blood samples'. Malaria Journal, Vol 7, p. 130.

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Abstract

Background: Molecular markers, particularly those associated with drug resistance, are important surveillance tools that can inform policy choice. People infected with falciparum malaria often contain several genetically-distinct clones of the parasite; genotyping the patients' blood reveals whether or not the marker is present (i.e. its prevalence), but does not reveal its frequency. For example a person with four malaria clones may contain both mutant and wildtype forms of a marker but it is not possible to distinguish the relative frequencies of the mutant and wildtypes i.e. 1:3, 2:2 or 3:1.
Methods: An appropriate method for obtaining frequencies from prevalence data is by Maximum Likelihood analysis. A computer programme has been developed that allows the frequency of markers, and haplotypes defined by up to three codons, to be estimated from blood phenotype data.
Results: The programme has been fully documented [see Additional File 1] and provided with a user-friendly interface suitable for large scale analyses. It returns accurate frequencies and 95% confidence intervals from simulated dataset sets and has been extensively tested on field data sets.
Conclusion: The programme is included [see Additional File 2] and/or may be freely downloaded from [1]. It can then be used to extract molecular marker and haplotype frequencies from their prevalence in human blood samples. This should enhance the use of frequency data to inform antimalarial drug policy choice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: antimalarial-drug-resistance
Subjects: QX Parasitology > QX 4 General works
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 650 Insect vectors
QW Microbiology and Immunology > QW 45 Microbial drug resistance. General or not elsewhere classified.
QV Pharmacology > QV 38 Drug action.
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Molecular & Biochemical Parasitology Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-7-130
Depositing User: Mary Creegan
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2010 15:45
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:00
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/804

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