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Blood Lead Levels and Risk Factors for Lead Exposure in a Pediatric Population in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

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Havens, Deborah, Pham, Minh Hong, Karr, Catherine J and Daniell, William E (2018) 'Blood Lead Levels and Risk Factors for Lead Exposure in a Pediatric Population in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.'. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol 15, Issue 1, p. 93.

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Abstract

Although lead recycling activities are a known risk factor for elevated blood levels in South East Asia, little is known regarding the prevalence of and risk factors for elevated blood lead levels (BLL) among the general pediatric population in Vietnam. This study is a cross-sectional evaluation of 311 children from Children's Hospital #2 in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Capillary blood lead testing was performed using the LeadCare II. Mean BLLs were 4.97 μg/dL (Standard Deviation (SD) 5.50), with 7% of the participants having levels greater than 10 μg/dL. Living in Bing Duong province (OR 2.7, 95% CI 1.4-5.6.1) or the Dong Nai province (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.0-5.1) and having an age greater than 12 months (OR 6.0, 95% CI 3.1-11.8) were associated with higher BLLs. The prevalence of elevated BLLs in Vietnam is consistent with other SE Asian countries. Mean BLLs in Ho Chi Minh City are markedly less than those seen in a separate study of children living near lead recycling activities. Additional evaluation is necessary to better detail potential risk factors if screening is to be implemented within Vietnam.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article belongs to the Special Issue Global Children’s Environmental Health
Subjects: QV Pharmacology > Heavy Metals. Gases > QV 290 Heavy metals and their compounds
WA Public Health > WA 20.5 Research (General)
WA Public Health > Sanitation. Environmental Control > General Sanitation and Environmental Control > WA 670 General works
WA Public Health > Waste > WA 778 Waste products. Waste disposal
WS Pediatrics > WS 20 Research (General)
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15010093
SWORD Depositor: JISC Pubrouter
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2018 12:32
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2018 09:35
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/8125

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