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Aedes Mosquitoes and Aedes-Borne Arboviruses in Africa: Current and Future Threats

Weetman, David, Kamgang, Basile, Badolo, Athanase, Moyes, Catherine L, Shearer, Freya M, Coulibaly, Mamadou, Pinto, Joao, Lambrechts, Louis and McCall, Philip (2018) 'Aedes Mosquitoes and Aedes-Borne Arboviruses in Africa: Current and Future Threats'. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol 15, Issue 2, p. 220.

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Abstract

The Zika crisis drew attention to the long-overlooked problem of arboviruses transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes in Africa. Yellow fever, dengue, chikungunya and Zika are poorly controlled in Africa and often go unrecognized. However, to combat these diseases, both in Africa and worldwide, it is crucial that this situation changes. Here, we review available data on the distribution of each disease in Africa, their Aedes vectors, transmission potential, and challenges and opportunities for Aedes control. Data on disease and vector ranges are sparse, and consequently maps of risk are uncertain. Issues such as genetic and ecological diversity, and opportunities for integration with malaria control, are primarily African; others such as ever-increasing urbanization, insecticide resistance and lack of evidence for most control-interventions reflect problems throughout the tropics. We identify key knowledge gaps and future research areas, and in particular, highlight the need to improve knowledge of the distributions of disease and major vectors, insecticide resistance, and to develop specific plans and capacity for arboviral disease surveillance, prevention and outbreak responses.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology > Viruses > QW 160 Viruses (General). Virology
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 525 Aedes
WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Infectious Mononucleosis. Arbovirus Infections > WC 524 Arbovirus infections
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020220
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2018 12:09
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2018 12:09
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/8158

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