LSTM Home > LSTM Research > LSTM Online Archive

Specificity of subcapsular antibody responses in Ethiopian patients following disease caused by serogroup A meningococci

Norheim, G., Aseffa, A., Yassin, Mohammed A., Mengistu, G., Kassu, A., Fikremariam, D., Tamire, W., Merid, Y., Hoiby, E. A., Caugant, D. A., Fritzsonn, E., Tangen, T., Melak, B., Berhanu, D., Harboe, M., Kolberg, J. and Rosenqvist, E. (2008) 'Specificity of subcapsular antibody responses in Ethiopian patients following disease caused by serogroup A meningococci'. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, Vol 15, Issue 5, pp. 863-871.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Dissecting the specificities of human antibody responses following disease caused by serogroup A meningococci may be important for the development of improved vaccines. We performed a study of Ethiopian patients during outbreaks in 2002 and 2003. Sera were obtained from 71 patients with meningitis caused by bacteria of sequence type 7, as confirmed by PCR or culture, and from 113 Ethiopian controls. Antibody specificities were analyzed by immunoblotting (IB) against outer membrane antigen extracts of a reference strain and of the patients' own isolates and by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels against lipooligosaccharide (LOS) L11 and the proteins NadA and NspA. IB revealed that the main antigens targeted were the proteins PorA, PorB, RmpM, and Opa/OpcA, as well as LOS. MenA disease induced significant increases in IgG against LOS L11 and NadA. The IgG levels against LOS remained elevated following disease, whereas the IgG anti-NadA levels returned to acute-phase levels in the late convalescent phase. Among adults, the anti-LOS IgG levels were similar in acute-phase patient sera as in control sera, whereas anti-NadA IgG levels were significantly higher in acute-phase sera than in controls. The IgG antibody levels against LOS and NadA correlated moderately but significantly with serum bactericidal activity against MenA strains. Future studies on immune response during MenA disease should take into account the high levels of anti-MenA polysaccharide IgG commonly found in the population and seek to clarify the role of antibodies against subcapsular antigens in protection against MenA disease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: outer-membrane protein human immune-response meningitidis group-b neisseria-meningitidis monoclonal-antibodies capsular polysaccharides bactericidal antibodies molecular epidemiology lipo-oligosaccharide university-students
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology > Immune Responses > QW 700 Infection. Mechanisms of infection and resistance.
WC Communicable Diseases > Infection. Bacterial Infections > Bacterial Infections > WC 245 Meningococcal infections
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Child & Reproductive Health Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1128/CVI.00252-07
Depositing User: Pauline Anderson
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2010 09:35
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:00
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/883

Statistics

View details

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item