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A pilot study using wearable global positioning system (GPS) dataloggers to compare water contact levels: Schistosoma haematobium infection in pre-school-aged children (PSAC) and their mothers at Barombi Kotto, Cameroon

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Macklin, Grace, Stanton, Michelle ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1754-4894, Tchuem Tchuente, Louis-Albert and Stothard, Russell ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9370-3420 (2018) 'A pilot study using wearable global positioning system (GPS) dataloggers to compare water contact levels: Schistosoma haematobium infection in pre-school-aged children (PSAC) and their mothers at Barombi Kotto, Cameroon'. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol 112, Issue 7.

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Abstract

Background
Barombi Kotto, Cameroon serves as a reference location for assessing intervention strategies against Schistosoma haematobium.

Methods
As part of a pilot study, the whole community was treated with praziquantel, inclusive of pre-school-age children (PSAC) and their mothers. One year later, egg-patent infections were reassessed and water contact patterns of 12 pairs of PSAC and their mothers were measured with global positioning system (GPS) data loggers.

Results
A substantial reduction in general infection prevalence, from 44.8% to 12.2%, was observed but certain PSAC and mothers continued to have egg-patent infections. Analysis of GPS data demonstrated similar water contact levels between the child and mother groups, although certain individuals were numerical outliers.

Conclusions
This study shows the potential of GPS data loggers to clarify the at-risk status of PSAC and mothers.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Helminths. Annelida > QX 353 Trematoda
QX Parasitology > Helminths. Annelida > QX 355 Schistosoma
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 310 Maternal welfare
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WS Pediatrics > By Age Groups > WS 430 Infancy
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Department of Tropical Disease Biology
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/try059
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2018 08:47
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2018 12:28
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/8860

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