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Do Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Conditions in Primary Schools Consistently Support Schoolgirls' Menstrual Needs? A Longitudinal Study in Rural Western Kenya.

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Alexander, Kelly, Zulaika, Garazi, Nyothach, Elizabeth, Oduor, Clifford, Mason, Linda, Obor, David, Eleveld, Alie, Laserson, Kayla F and Phillips-Howard, Penelope ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1018-116X (2018) 'Do Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Conditions in Primary Schools Consistently Support Schoolgirls' Menstrual Needs? A Longitudinal Study in Rural Western Kenya.'. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol 15, Issue 8, e682.

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Abstract

Many females lack access to water, privacy and basic sanitation-felt acutely when menstruating. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) conditions in schools, such as access to latrines, water, and soap, are essential for the comfort, equity, and dignity of menstruating girls. Our study was nested within a cluster randomized controlled pilot feasibility study where nurses provided menstrual items to schoolgirls. We observed the WASH conditions of 30 schools from June 2012⁻October 2013 to see if there were any changes in conditions, to compare differences between study arms and to examine agreement between observed and teacher-reported conditions. Data came from study staff observed, and school head teacher reported, WASH conditions. We developed scores for the condition of school facilities to report any changes in conditions and compare outcomes across study arms. Results demonstrated that soap availability for students increased significantly between baseline and follow-up while there was a significant decrease in the number of "acceptable" latrines. During the study follow-up period, individual WASH indicators supporting menstruating girls, such as locks on latrine doors or water availability in latrines did not significantly improve. Advances in WASH conditions for all students, and menstrual hygiene facilities for schoolgirls, needs further support, a defined budget, and regular monitoring of WASH facilities to maintain standards.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article belongs to the Special Issue 'Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Related Disease'
Subjects: WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 309 Women's health
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WA Public Health > Sanitation. Environmental Control > General Sanitation and Environmental Control > WA 670 General works
WA Public Health > Water > WA 675 Water. Water supply. Sources
WP Gynecology > Anatomy. Diseases. Injuries > WP 400 General works
WS Pediatrics > By Age Groups > WS 450 Puberty
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081682
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 10:55
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2018 08:35
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/9062

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