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Malaria chemoprevention with monthly dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for the post-discharge management of severe anaemia in children aged less than 5 years in Uganda and Kenya: study protocol for a multi-centre, two-arm, randomised, placebo-controlled, superiority trial

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Kwambai, Titus, Dhabangi, Aggrey, Idro, Richard, Opoka, Robert, Kariuki, Simon, Samuels, Aaron, Desai, Meghna, Boele van Hensbroek, Michael, Chandy, John, Robberstad, Bjarne, Wang, Duolao ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2788-2464, Phiri, Kamija and terKuile, Feiko ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3663-5617 (2018) 'Malaria chemoprevention with monthly dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for the post-discharge management of severe anaemia in children aged less than 5 years in Uganda and Kenya: study protocol for a multi-centre, two-arm, randomised, placebo-controlled, superiority trial'. Trials, Vol 19, e610.

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Abstract

Background:
Children hospitalised with severe anaemia in malaria endemic areas in Africa are at high risk of readmission or death within 6 months post-discharge. Currently, no strategy specifically addresses this period. In Malawi, 3 months of post-discharge malaria chemoprevention (PMC) with monthly treatment courses of artemether-lumefantrine given at discharge and at 1 and 2 months prevented 30% of all-cause readmissions by 6 months post-discharge. Another efficacy trial is needed before a policy of malaria chemoprevention can be considered for the post-discharge management of severe anaemia in children under 5 years of age living in malaria endemic areas.
Objective
We aim to determine if 3 months of post-discharge malaria chemoprevention with monthly 3-day treatment courses of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine is safe and superior to a single 3-day treatment course with artemether-lumefantrine provided as part of standard in-hospital care in reducing all-cause re-admissions and deaths (composite primary endpoint) by 6 months in the post-discharge management of children less than 5 years of age admitted with severe anaemia of any or undetermined cause.
Methods
This is a multi-centre, 2-arm, placebo-controlled, individually randomized trial in children under 5 years of age recently discharged following management for severe anaemia. Children in both arms will receive standard in-hospital care for severe anaemia and a 3-day course of artemether-lumefantrine at discharge. At 2 weeks after discharge surviving children will be randomized to receive either 3-day courses of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine at 2, 6 and 10 weeks or an identical placebo and followed for 26 weeks through passive case detection. The trial will be conducted in hospitals in malaria endemic areas in Kenya and Uganda. The study is designed to detect a 25% reduction in the incidence of the all-cause re-admissions or death (composite primary outcome) from 1,152 to 864 per 1000 child years (power 80%, α=0.05) and requires 520 children per arm (1040 total children).
Results
Participant recruitment started in May 2016 and is on-going.
Trial registration:
ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02671175, Registered January 28, 2016. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02671175

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
WH Hemic and Lymphatic Systems > Hematologic Diseases. Immunologic Factors. Blood Banks > WH 155 Anemia
WS Pediatrics > Diseases of Children and Adolescents > By System > WS 300 Hemic and lymphatic system
WS Pediatrics > By Age Groups > WS 440 Preschool child
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2972-1
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2018 10:58
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2018 11:40
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/9441

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