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Household Air Pollution Is Associated with Chronic Cough but Not Hemoptysis after Completion of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Treatment in Adults, Rural Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.

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Katoto, Patrick D M C, Murhula, Aime, Kayembe-Kitenge, Tony, Lawin, Herve, Bisimwa, Bertin C, Cirhambiza, Jean Paul, Musafiri, Eric, Birembano, Freddy, Kashongwe, Zacharie, Kirenga, Bruce, Mfinanga, Sayoki, Mortimer, Kevin ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8118-8871, De Boever, Patrick, Nawrot, Tim S, Nachega, Jean B and Nemery, Benoit (2018) 'Household Air Pollution Is Associated with Chronic Cough but Not Hemoptysis after Completion of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Treatment in Adults, Rural Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.'. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol 15, Issue 11, e2563.

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Abstract

Little is known about the respiratory health damage related to household air pollution (HAP) in survivors of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). In a population-based cross-sectional study, we determined the prevalence and associated predictors of chronic cough and hemoptysis in 441 randomly selected PTB survivors living in 13 remote health zones with high TB burden in the South Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Trained community and health-care workers administered a validated questionnaire. In a multivariate logistic regression, chronic cough was independently associated with HAP (adjusted odds ratios (aOR) 2.10, 95% CI: 1.10⁻4.00) and PTB treatment >6 months (aOR 3.80, 95% CI: 1.62⁻8.96). Among women, chronic cough was associated with cooking ≥3 h daily (aOR 2.74, 95% CI: 1.25⁻6.07) and with HAP (aOR 3.93, 95% CI: 1.15⁻13.43). Independent predictors of hemoptysis were PTB retreatment (aOR 3.04, 95% CI: 1.04⁻5.09) and ignorance of treatment outcome (aOR 2.24, 95% CI: 1.09⁻4.58) but not HAP (aOR 1.86, 95% CI: 0.61⁻5.62). Exposure to HAP proved a major risk factor for chronic cough in PTB survivors, especially in women. This factor is amenable to intervention.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WA Public Health > Air pollution > WA 750 Air sanitation and hygiene
WA Public Health > Air pollution > WA 754 Pollution and pollutants (incl. tobacco pollution; passive smoking)
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 200 Tuberculosis (General)
WF Respiratory System > Lungs > WF 600 Lungs
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112563
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2018 16:28
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2018 10:34
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/9696

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