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Electronic mosquito repellents for preventing mosquito bites and malaria infection

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Enayati, Ahmad Ali, Hemingway, Janet ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3200-7173 and Garner, Paul ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0607-6941 (2007) 'Electronic mosquito repellents for preventing mosquito bites and malaria infection'. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 2.

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Abstract

Background
Electronic mosquito repellents (EMRs) are marketed to prevent mosquitoes biting and to prevent malaria.
Objectives
To assess whether EMRs prevent mosquito bites, and to assess any evidence of an effect on malaria infection.
Search strategy
In August 2006, we searched the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group Specialized Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, Cambridge Scientific Abstracts, and the Science Citation Index. We also checked conference proceedings, contacted international specialist centres and EMR manufacturers, and checked reference lists.
Selection criteria
Field entomological studies, which controlled for geographic site, time, and attractiveness of human participants, of EMRs for preventing mosquito bites; and randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials of EMRs to prevent malaria infection.
Data collection and analysis
Two authors assessed trial quality, and extracted and analysed the data.
Main results
Ten field entomological studies met the inclusion criteria. All 10 studies found that there was no difference in the number of mosquitoes caught from the bare body parts of the human participants with or without an EMR. No randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials on the efficacy of EMR on malaria infection were found.
Authors' conclusions
Field entomological studies confirm that EMRs have no effect on preventing mosquito bites. Therefore there is no justification for marketing them to prevent malaria infection.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Additional Citation Information: This record should be cited as: Enayati AA, Hemingway J, Garner P. Electronic mosquito repellents for preventing mosquito bites and malaria infection. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD005434. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005434.pub2 This version first published online: 18 April 2007 in Issue 2, 2007 Date of Most Recent Substantive Amendment: 16 February 2007
Subjects: ?? RA0421 ??
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 510 Mosquitoes
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 600 Insect control. Tick control
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD005434.pub2
Depositing User: Faye Moody
Date Deposited: 14 Aug 2008 09:23
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2019 10:14
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/977

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