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"We have to clean ourselves to ensure that our children are healthy and beautiful": findings from a qualitative assessment of a hand hygiene poster in rural Uganda.

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Harrison, B L, Ogara, C, Gladstone, M, Carrol, E D, Dusabe-Richards, John, Medina-Lara, A, Ditai, J and Weeks, A D (2019) '"We have to clean ourselves to ensure that our children are healthy and beautiful": findings from a qualitative assessment of a hand hygiene poster in rural Uganda.'. BMC Public Health, Vol 19, Issue 1, p. 1.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND
Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of mortality worldwide, with most deaths occurring in low-income countries. The World Health Organisation (WHO) '5 Moments for Hand Hygiene' poster has been used to reduce hospital-acquired infections, but there is no similar tool to prevent community-acquired newborn infections in low-resource settings. This assessment, part of the BabyGel Pilot study, evaluated the acceptability of the 'Newborn Moments for Hand Hygiene in the Home' poster. This was an educational tool which aimed to remind mothers in rural Uganda to clean their hands to prevent neonatal infection.

METHODS
The BabyGel pilot was a cluster randomised trial that assessed the post-partum use of alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) to prevent neonatal infections in Mbale, Uganda. Fifty-five women in 5 village clusters received the ABHR and used it from birth to 3 months postnatally, with use guided by the new poster. Following the study, 5 focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted consisting of 6-8 purposively sampled participants from intervention villages. FGDs were audio-recorded, transcribed then translated into English. Transcripts were inductively coded using ATLAS.ti® and qualitatively analysed using thematic content analysis.

RESULTS
Most mothers reported that they understood the message in the poster ("The picture shows me you must use these drugs to keep your baby healthy") and that they could adhere to the moments from the poster. Some participants used the information from the poster to encourage other caregivers to use the ABHR ("after explaining to them, they liked it"). Other potential moments for hand hygiene were introduced by participants, such as after tending to domestic animals and gardening.

CONCLUSION
The poster was well-received, and participants reported compliance with the moments for hand hygiene (although the full body wipe of the baby has since been removed). The poster will be adapted into a sticker format on the ABHR bottle. More focus could be put into an education tool for other caregivers who wish to hold the baby. Overall, the study demonstrated the acceptability of an adapted version of the WHO Moments for Hand Hygiene poster in the introduction of an intervention in the community.

TRIAL REGISTRATION

ISRCTN67852437 , registered 02/03/2015.

TRIAL FUNDING

Medical Research Council/ Wellcome Trust/ DfID (Global Health Trials Scheme).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: W General Medicine. Health Professions > Health Services. Patients and Patient Advocacy > W 85 Patients. Attitude and compliance
WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 310 Maternal welfare
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 320 Child Welfare. Child Health Services.
WA Public Health > Health Administration and Organization > WA 590 Health education, Health communication
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > International Public Health Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6343-3
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2019 11:35
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2019 11:35
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/9936

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