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Global invasion history of the agricultural pest butterfly revealed with genomics and citizen science.

Ryan, Sean F, Lombaert, Eric, Espeset, Anne, Vila, Roger, Talavera, Gerard, Dincă, Vlad, Doellman, Meredith M, Renshaw, Mark A, Eng, Matthew W, Hornett, Emily, Li, Yiyuan, Pfrender, Michael E and Shoemaker, DeWayne (2019) 'Global invasion history of the agricultural pest butterfly revealed with genomics and citizen science.'. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol 116, Issue 40, pp. 20015-20024.

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The small cabbage white butterfly, , is a major agricultural pest of cruciferous crops and has been introduced to every continent except South America and Antarctica as a result of human activities. In an effort to reconstruct the near-global invasion history of , we developed a citizen science project, the "Pieris Project," and successfully amassed thousands of specimens from 32 countries worldwide. We then generated and analyzed nuclear (double-digest restriction site-associated DNA fragment procedure [ddRAD]) and mitochondrial DNA sequence data for these samples to reconstruct and compare different global invasion history scenarios. Our results bolster historical accounts of the global spread and timing of introductions. We provide molecular evidence supporting the hypothesis that the ongoing divergence of the European and Asian subspecies of (∼1,200 y B.P.) coincides with the diversification of brassicaceous crops and the development of human trade routes such as the Silk Route (Silk Road). The further spread of over the last ∼160 y was facilitated by human movement and trade, resulting in an almost linear series of at least 4 founding events, with each introduced population going through a severe bottleneck and serving as the source for the next introduction. Management efforts of this agricultural pest may need to consider the current existence of multiple genetically distinct populations. Finally, the international success of the Pieris Project demonstrates the power of the public to aid scientists in collections-based research addressing important questions in invasion biology, and in ecology and evolutionary biology more broadly.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Genetics > QU 460 Genomics. Proteomics
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 560 Lepidoptera (Moths. Butterflies)
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 240 Disinfection. Disinfestation. Pesticides (including diseases caused by)
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Samantha Sheldrake
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2019 11:10
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2020 02:02


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