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Effects of Short-Term Dietary Fiber Intervention on Gut Microbiota in Young Healthy People

Tian, Tian, Zhang, Xiaobo, Luo, Tao, Wang, Duolao ORCID:, Sun, Yuping and Dai, Jianghong (2021) 'Effects of Short-Term Dietary Fiber Intervention on Gut Microbiota in Young Healthy People'. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, Vol Volume 14, pp. 3507-3516.

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Gut microbiota are critical to many aspects of human health including immune and metabolic health. Long-term diet influences the community structure and activity of the trillions of microorganisms residing in the human gut, but it remains unclear how the human gut microbiome responds to short-term intervention with dietary fiber. This study explored the effects of mixed dietary fibers on gut microbiota in young, healthy people. Twelve healthy, young adults participated in a randomized, crossover trial comparing the effects of polyglucan, inulin and resistant malt dextrin on gut microbiota composition and bacterial abundances. During the study, the subjects followed their normal diets without any constraints. Microbial community profiles were determined by absolute quantification 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Mixed model analysis did not reveal an effect of dietary intervention on microbial community structure. At the genus level, dietary fiber intervention for 4 days significantly promoted the growth of Alloprevotella, Parabacteroides and Parasutterella and inhibited the growth of Adlercreutzia, Anaerovorax, Enterococcus, Intestinibacter and Ruminococcus 2 compared with the baseline. Addition of whey albumen powder for 4 days promoted the growth of Corynebacterium, Collinsella, Olsenella and Lactococcus but interfered with the growth of Megasphaera. Our results should be corroborated by randomized clinical trials with large sample size.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > QU 4 General works
QW Microbiology and Immunology > QW 4 General works. Classify here works on microbiology as a whole.
WI Digestive System > WI 100 General works
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2021 11:08
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2021 11:08


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