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A mapping of health education institutions and programs in the WHO African Region

Yarmoshuk, Aaron N., Abomo, Pierre, Fitzgerald, Niamh, Cole, Donald C., Fontanet, Arnaud, Adeola, Henry A., Zarowsky, Christina and Pulford, Justin ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4756-8480 (2021) 'A mapping of health education institutions and programs in the WHO African Region'. AAS Open Research, Vol 4, Issue 55.

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Abstract

Background: Information on health education institutions is required for planning, implementing and monitoring human resources for health strategies. Details on the number, type and distribution of medical and health science programs offered by African higher education institutions remains scattered.
Methods: We merged and updated datasets of health professional and post-graduate programs to develop a mapping of health education institutions covering the World Health Organization African Region as of 2021.
Results: Nine hundred and nine (909) institutions were identified in the 47 countries. Together they offered 1,157 health professional programs (235 medicine, 718 nursing, 77 public health and 146 pharmacy) and 1,674 post-graduate programs (42 certificates, 1,152 Master’s and 480 PhDs). Regionally, East Africa had the most countries with multiple academic health science centres - institutions offering medical degrees and at least one other health professional program. Among countries, South Africa had the most institutions and post-graduate programs with 182 and 596, respectfully. A further five countries had between 53-105 institutions, 12 countries had between 10 and 37 institutions, and 28 countries had between one and eight institutions. One country had no institution. Countries with the largest populations and gross domestic products had significantly more health education institutions and produced more scientific research (ANOVA testing).
Discussion: We envision an online database being made available in a visually attractive, user-friendly, open access format that nationally, registered institutions can add to and update. This would serve the needs of trainees, administrators, planners and researchers alike and support the World Health Organization’s Global strategy on human resources for health: workforce 2030.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Version uploaded is awaiting peer review:SM
Subjects: W General Medicine. Health Professions > W 21 Medicine as a profession.
W General Medicine. Health Professions > Professional practice > W88 Administrative work. Teaching. Research
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WA Public Health > Health Administration and Organization > WA 530 International health administration
WX Hospitals and Other Health Facilities > WX 20 Research (General)
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > International Public Health Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.12688/aasopenres.13320.1
Depositing User: Rachel Dominguez
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2022 12:16
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2022 12:16
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/19504

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