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The effects of smoking on birthweight-for-gestational-age curves in teenage and adult primigravidae

Dewan, N., Brabin, Bernard, Wood, L., Dramond, S. and Cooper, C. (2003) 'The effects of smoking on birthweight-for-gestational-age curves in teenage and adult primigravidae'. Public Health, Vol 117, Issue 1, pp. 31-35.

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Objectives. To compare the effect of smoking on the birthweight-for-gestational-age curves of teenage and adult primigravidae. Methods. A retrospective analysis of the perinatal. database at the Liverpool Women's Hospital for the years 1997-1999 for teenage and adult primigravidae. Results. Records on 1157 primigravidae were available. There were no significant differences between the mean birthweight (3220 g +/- 666 vs 3244 g +/- 680, P = 0.43) and the proportion with low birthweight (LBW) babies (8.9% vs 10.6%, P = 0.39) between teenage and adult primigravidae, respectively. The percentage of women who smoked increased from the middle class (Townsend score -6- - 3) to the working class group (Townsend score +4- + 12) for both teenagers (33.3-51.3%) and adults (6.9-29.6%). The mean birthweight of babies of smoking mothers was significantly lower than for non-smoking mothers (3112 g +/- 639 vs 3327 g +/- 663, P = 0.00002). The birthweight-for-gestational-age pattern was lower at all. gestational ages for smoking mothers in both the teenage and adult groups. Risk of LBW was significantly increased in teenagers who smoked (10.8% vs 3.9%, P < 0.01), but not in adult smokers. Conclusion. Lower birthweights at all gestational ages were observed in babies of teenage and adult mothers who smoked. (C) 2003 The Royal Institute of Public Health. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QV Pharmacology > Autonomic Agents. Nonmetallic Elements. Neuromuscular Agents > QV 137 Nicotine
WQ Obstetrics > Pregnancy > WQ 200 General works
WS Pediatrics > By Age Groups > WS 420 Newborn infants. Neonatology
WS Pediatrics > By Age Groups > WS 460 Adolescence (General)
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Child & Reproductive Health Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Users 494 not found.
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2013 13:20
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:04


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