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Insecticide resistance in dengue vectors

Ranson, Hilary ORCID:, Burhani, Joseph, Lumjuan, Nongkran and Black, William C IV (2010) 'Insecticide resistance in dengue vectors'. [online], Vol 1, Issue 1.

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Background: Most national dengue control programmes rely extensively on insecticides to control the mosquito vectors of this disease.
Objectives: The objective of this review is to describe current knowledge of the extent of insecticide resistance in dengue vectors and the potential impact of this resistance on control activities.
Methods: We searched Web of Science and PubMed for studies that included data on resistance to the four major classes of insecticides: organochlorines, carbamates, organophosphates and pyrethroids, in the dengue vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Insecticide bioassy data were extracted from the published literature and the methods used to obtain, analyse and interpret this data were critically evaluated. Emphasis was placed on the two insecticide classes most widely used in dengue control, organophosphates and pyrethroids. The use of biochemical and molecular tools for resistance monitoring was also reviewed.
Results: 66 studies met our inclusion criteria and were uploaded on to a public databse (IRBase). There is a stong geographical bias in published studies with nearly half originating from three countries (Thailand, India and Brazil). Bioassay data demonstrates that resistance to the organophosphate temephos and to pyrethroids is widespread in Ae. aegypti and resistance has also been reported in Ae. albopictus. Assessing the impact of insecticide resistance on vector control is complicated by variations in the methodology used to measure and report resistance, and by the lack of studies into the epidemiological consequences of insecticicde resistance.
Conclusions: The lack of publicly accessible standardized data sets dcoumenting levels of insecticide resistance in many dengue endemic countries, and the absence of studies on the operational impact of resistance, preculdes a comprehensive analysis of the current global threat that insecticide resistance poses to dengue control. However, several countries with active resistance monitoring programmes have shown that insecticide resistance is reducing our ability to control dengue vectors. This situation is likely to worsen unless effective strategies are rapidly implemented to mitigate these effects.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The electronic version is the original version of this article and can be found at:
Uncontrolled Keywords: insecticide resistance, dengue, Aedes aegypt, Aedes albopictus, pyrethroids, temephos
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 600 Insect control. Tick control
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 650 Insect vectors
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Infectious Mononucleosis. Arbovirus Infections > WC 528 Dengue
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Vector Group
Depositing User: Users 183 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2012 10:23
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2020 10:57


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