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Microfilariae infestation of goliath frogs (Conraua goliath) from Cameroon.

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Nguete Nguiffo, Daniel, Wondji, Charles ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0791-3673, Pone Wabo, Josué and Mpoame, Mbida (2019) 'Microfilariae infestation of goliath frogs (Conraua goliath) from Cameroon.'. PLoS ONE, Vol 14, Issue 5, e0217539.

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Abstract

The goliath frog (Conraua goliath) is endemic to Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon. It is an endangered species but little information is known about its parasites. To understand the impact of blood parasites on this species, we microscopically examined blood smears from 78 goliath frogs in February and November 2016 (dry and wet seasons) from six localities in Littoral Region of Cameroon, and we sequenced mitochondrial DNA from positive samples. Microfilariae were found in 33/78 (42.3%) goliath frogs at six locations. No other haemoparasite species was detected. Morphological characteristics of microfilariae were also described, and specimens from each frog species were similar. DNA sequencing data from the mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidases sub unit I (COI) gene revealed a close relationship with Icosiella neglecta, a microfilaria documented in other European, Asian, and African frogs. However, sequences were sufficiently genetically distant (0.118) that they may define a new species of Icosiella. The infection burden of microfilariae varied by site, with season (65% in dry season to 23% in rainy season), and by sex, (male frogs had significantly higher parasite burdens than females (p < 0.0001)). However, this may have been confounded by size as the microfilaria intensity increased with frog weight (p < 0.0001), and males were larger than females. Microfilaria infection intensity varied from 1 to 120 per 50 μl of blood. Microfilaria induced a significant increase (p < 0.05) in the number of white blood cells (WBC) counted compared to uninfected frogs, but there was no statistically significant variation in red blood cell (RBC) count, plasma cholesterol level (p = 0.210) or plasma glucose level (p = 0.100).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Cells and Genetics > QU 300 General works
QX Parasitology > Helminths. Annelida > QX 301 Filarioidea
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217539
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2019 09:57
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2019 15:48
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/10951

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