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Decentralising and integrating HIV services in community-based health systems: A qualitative study of perceptions at macro, meso and micro levels of the health system

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Otiso, Lilian, McCollum, Rosalind, Mireku, Maryline, Karuga, Robinson, de Koning, Korrie and Taegtmeyer, Miriam ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5377-2536 (2017) 'Decentralising and integrating HIV services in community-based health systems: A qualitative study of perceptions at macro, meso and micro levels of the health system'. BMJ Global Health, Vol 2, Issue 1, e000107.

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Abstract

Introduction

HIV services at the community level in Kenya are currently delivered largely through vertical programmes. The funding for these programmes is declining at the same time as the tasks of delivering HIV services are being shifted to the community. While integrating HIV into existing community health services creates a platform for increasing coverage, normalising HIV and making services more sustainable in high-prevalence settings, little is known about the feasibility of moving to a more integrated approach or about how acceptable such a move would be to the affected parties.

Methods

We used qualitative methods to explore perceptions of integrating HIV services in two counties in Kenya, interviewing national and county policymakers, county-level implementers and community- level actors. Data were recorded digitally, translated, transcribed and coded in NVivo10 prior to a framework analysis.

Results

We found that a range of HIV-related roles such as counselling, testing, linkage, adherence support and home-based care were already being performed in the community in an ad hoc manner. But respondents expressed a desire for a more coordinated approach and for decentralising the integration of HIV services to the community level as parallel programming had resulted in gaps in HIV service and planning. In particular, integrating home-based testing and counselling within government community health structures was considered timely.

Conclusion

Integration can normalise HIV testing in Kenyan communities, integrate lay counsellors into the health system and address community desires for a household-led approach.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: W General Medicine. Health Professions > W 21.5 Allied health personnel. Allied health professions
WA Public Health > Health Administration and Organization > WA 546 Local Health Administration. Community Health Services
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV Infections > WC 503 Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV infections
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > International Public Health Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000107
Depositing User: Rachel Dominguez
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2016 12:37
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:13
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/6382

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