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Improved spatial ecological sampling using open data and standardization: an example from malaria mosquito surveillance

Sedda, Luigi, Lucas, Eric ORCID:, Djogbenou, Luc, Edi, Ako V. C., Egyir-Yawson, Alexander, Kabula, Bilali I., Midega, Janet, Ochomo, Eric, Weetman, David ORCID: and Donnelly, Martin ORCID: (2019) 'Improved spatial ecological sampling using open data and standardization: an example from malaria mosquito surveillance'. Journal of The Royal Society, Interface, Vol 16, Issue 153, p. 20180941.

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Vector-borne disease control relies on efficient vector surveillance, mostly carried out using traps whose number and locations are often determined by expert opinion rather than a rigorous quantitative sampling design. In this work we propose a framework for ecological sampling design which in its preliminary stages can take into account environmental conditions obtained from open data (i.e. remote sensing and meteorological stations) not necessarily designed for ecological analysis. These environmental data are used to delimit the area into ecologically homogeneous strata. By employing Bayesian statistics within a model-based sampling design, the traps are deployed among the strata using a mixture of random and grid
locations which allows balancing predictions and model-fitting accuracies. Sample sizes and the effect of ecological strata on sample sizes are estimated from previous mosquito sampling campaigns open data. Notably, we found that a configuration of 30 locations with four households each (120 samples) will have a similar accuracy in the predictions of mosquito abundance as 200 random samples. In addition, we show that random sampling independently from ecological strata, produces biased estimates of the mosquito
abundance. Finally, we propose standardizing reporting of sampling
designs to allow transparency and repetition/re-use in subsequent sampling campaigns

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Genetics > QU 470 Genetic structures
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 510 Mosquitoes
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2019 10:39
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2019 09:18


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