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Chronic clinical manifestations related to Wucherieria bancrofti infection in a highly endemic area in Kenya

Njenga, S. M., Waimae, C. N., Njomo, D. W., Mwandawiro, C. S. and Molyneux, David ORCID: (2007) 'Chronic clinical manifestations related to Wucherieria bancrofti infection in a highly endemic area in Kenya'. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol 101, Issue 5, pp. 439-444.

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Clinical examinations were conducted in an effort to provide baseline data for a pilot filariasis elimination programme implemented in a Wuchereria bancrofti-endemic focus in Malindi district, Kenya. Of 186 mates aged 15 years and above examined, 64 individuals (34.4%) had hydrocele, and the prevalence of the manifestation in those above 40 years old was 55.3%. The prevalence of Leg lymphoedema in persons aged 15 years and above was 8.5%, with a higher rate in mates (12.6%) than in females (5.7%). The overall prevalence of inguinal adenopathy was 8.6%, and mates had a significantly higher (12.9%) prevalence of adenopathy than females (5.1%) (P < 0.001). The data in the present study provided support for consideration of filarial infection as a possible cause of inguinal lymphadenopathy in bancroftian filariasis-endemic areas. The results of this study also indicate that Lymphatic filariasis is a serious public health problem in the northern coastal areas and morbidity control programmes should be implemented to alleviate the suffering of those affected. (c) 2006 Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: lymphatic filariasis bancroftian filariasis lymphoedema hydrocele inguinal adenopathy kenya adult wuchereria-bancrofti lymphatic filariasis kwale district coast province prevalence survey patterns children disease responsiveness association
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Helminths. Annelida > QX 301 Filarioidea
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 880 Filariasis and related conditions (General)
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Disease Control Strategy Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Ms Julia Martin
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2012 15:26
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:01


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