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Risk factors for canine neosporosis in farm and kennel dogs in southern Italy

Paradies, P., Capelli, G., Testini, G., Cantacessi, C., Trees, Alexander J. and Otranto, D. (2007) 'Risk factors for canine neosporosis in farm and kennel dogs in southern Italy'. Veterinary Parasitology, Vol 145, Issue 3-4, pp. 240-244.

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Neosporosis by Neospora caninum causes losses to livestock production through abortion in cattle while, in dogs, it induces neuromuscolar disease. This study investigated neosporosis seroprevalence associated risk factors (including the seropositivity to leishmaniosis) in dogs of southern Italy, determined the prevalence of N. caninum oocyst shedding and examined the relationship between seroprevalence of neosporosis in farm dogs and cattle. Using an inhibition ELISA, 20.9% of 306 dogs had percent inhibition values >10 (indicative of exposure) and farm dogs had a significantly (p < 0.001) higher seroprevalence than dogs in a rescue kennel. Whilst N. caninum seroprevalence was associated with increasing age in dogs (p <= 0.01) there was no association between seropositivity for N. caninum and for Leishmania infantum. Oocysts of N. caninum were not detected in faecal samples from 230 dogs including 160 farm dogs. The results indicated that neosporosis infection is common in southern Italy both in dogs and in cattle and that dogs at higher risk of exposure are free-ranging ones living in farms. The lack of correlation between canine seroprevalence for N. canium and L. infantum assumes a particular significance in an endemic area for leishmaniosis. (C) 2007 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: neospora caninum dogs oocysts seroprevalence risk factors leishmaniosis toxoplasma-gondii dairy-cattle oocysts seroprevalence leishmaniasis transmission antibodies exposure feces host
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Protozoa > QX 50 Protozoa
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 505 Diptera
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Veterinary Parasitology Group (2002-2008)
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Ms Julia Martin
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2010 15:41
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:01


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