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Palliative care within universal health coverage: the Malawi Patient-and-Carer Cancer Cost Survey

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Bates, Maya Jane, Namisango, Eve, Tomeny, Ewan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4547-2389, Muula, Adamson S, Squire, Bertie ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7173-9038 and Niessen, Louis ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8639-5191 (2019) 'Palliative care within universal health coverage: the Malawi Patient-and-Carer Cancer Cost Survey'. BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care. (In Press)

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Abstract

Objective
Evidence of the role of palliative care to reduce financial hardship and to support wellbeing in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is growing, though standardised tools to capture relevant economic data are limited. We describe the development of the Patient-and-Carer Cancer Cost Survey (PaCCCt survey) which can be used to gather data on health care use and out-of-pocket expenditure (OOPE) in households affected by cancer in LMIC.
Methods
To identify relevant content qualitative data were gathered using Photovoice to detail concepts of wellbeing and cost areas of importance in households receiving palliative care in Blantyre, Malawi. Existing approaches and tools used to capture OOPE were mapped through a review of the literature. The WHO TB patient cost survey was chosen for adaptation. Face and content validity of a zero-draft of the PaCCCt survey were developed through review by health care professionals and a national stakeholder group. The final survey was translated into local language (Chichewa) and piloted.
Results
The PaCCCt survey is a tablet-based, third-party administered survey recording health care service utilisation and related direct and indirect costs. Coping strategies (loans and dissaving etc.), funeral costs and wellbeing at household level are included. Completion time is less than 30 minutes.
Conclusion
The PaCCCt survey can be used as part of economic evaluations in populations in need of palliative care in LMIC. Such evidence can support calls for the inclusion of palliative care within Universal Health Coverage which requires end-user protection from financial hardship.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: W General Medicine. Health Professions > W 74 Medical economics. Health care costs
WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WY Nursing > WY 20.5 Research (General)
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Clinical Sciences & International Health > International Public Health Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2019-001945
Depositing User: Rachel Dominguez
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2019 14:45
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2020 10:14
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/12701

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