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D-dimer and the incidence of heart failure and mortality after acute myocardial infarction

Zhang, Xiaoyuan, Wang, Shanjie, Liu, Jinxin, Wang, Yini, Cai, Hengxuan, Wang, Duolao ORCID:, Fang, Shaohong and Yu, Bo (2021) 'D-dimer and the incidence of heart failure and mortality after acute myocardial infarction'. Heart, Vol 107, Issue 3, pp. 237-244.

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Objective D-dimer might serve as a marker of thrombogenesis and a hypercoagulable state following plaque rupture. Few studies explore the association between baseline D-dimer levels and the incidence of heart failure (HF), all-cause mortality in an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) population. We aimed to explore this association.

Methods We enrolled 4504 consecutive patients with AMI with complete data in a prospective cohort study and explored the association of plasma D-dimer levels on admission and the incidence of HF, all-cause mortality.

Results Over a median follow-up of 1 year, 1112 (24.7%) patients developed in-hospital HF, 542 (16.7%) patients developed HF after hospitalisation and 233 (7.1%) patients died. After full adjustments for other relevant clinical covariates, patients with D-dimer values in quartile 3 (Q3) had 1.51 times (95% CI 1.12 to 2.04) and in Q4 had 1.49 times (95% CI 1.09 to 2.04) as high as the risk of HF after hospitalisation compared with patients in Q1. Patients with D-dimer values in Q4 had more than a twofold (HR 2.34; 95% CI 1.33 to 4.13) increased risk of death compared with patients in Q1 (p<0.001). But there was no association between D-dimer levels and in-hospital HF in the adjusted models.

Conclusions D-dimer was found to be associated with the incidence of HF after hospitalisation and all-cause mortality in patients with AMI.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System > WG 120 Cardiovascular diseases
WG Cardiovascular System > Heart. Heart Diseases > WG 200 General works
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2020 11:22
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2021 10:23


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