LSTM Home > LSTM Research > LSTM Online Archive

Emergence of Hypervirulent Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Coharboring a blaNDM-1-Carrying Virulent Plasmid and a blaKPC-2-Carrying Plasmid in an Egyptian Hospital

Ahmed, Mohamed Abd El-Gawad El-Sayed, Yang, Yanxian, Yang, Yongqiang, Yan, Bin, Chen, Guanping, Hassan, Reem Mostafa, Zhong, Lan-Lan, Chen, Yuan, Roberts, Adam ORCID:, Wu, Yiping, He, Ruowen, Liang, Xiaoxue, Qin, Mingyang, Dai, Min, Zhang, Liyan, Li, Hongyu, Yang, Fan, Xu, Lingqing, Tian, Guo-Bao and Bradford, Patricia A. (2021) 'Emergence of Hypervirulent Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Coharboring a blaNDM-1-Carrying Virulent Plasmid and a blaKPC-2-Carrying Plasmid in an Egyptian Hospital'. mSphere, Vol 6, Issue 3, e00088-21.

Ahmed-2021-Emergence-of-hypervirulent-carbapen.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview


The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) isolates in Egyptian hospitals has been reported. However, the genetic basis and analysis of the plasmids associated with carbapenem-resistant hypervirulent K. pneumoniae (CR-HvKP) in Egypt have not been presented. Therefore, we attempted to decipher the plasmid sequences that are responsible for transferring the determinants of carbapenem resistance, particularly blaNDM-1 and blaKPC-2. Out of 34 K. pneumoniae isolates collected from two tertiary hospitals in Egypt, 31 were CRKP. Whole-genome sequencing revealed that our isolates were related to 13 different sequence types (STs). The most prevalent ST was ST101, followed by ST383 and ST11. Among the CRKP isolates, one isolate named EBSI036 has been reassessed by Nanopore sequencing. Genetic environment analysis showed that EBSI036 carried 20 antibiotic resistance genes and was identified as a CR-HvKP strain: it harbored four plasmids, namely, pEBSI036-1-NDM-VIR, pEBSI036-2-KPC, pEBSI036-3, and pEBSI036-4. The two carbapenemase genes blaNDM-1 and blaKPC-2 were located on plasmids pEBSI036-1-NDM-VIR and pEBSI036-2-KPC, respectively. The IncFIB:IncHI1B hybrid plasmid pEBSI036-1-NDM-VIR also carried some virulence factors, including the regulator of the mucoid phenotype (rmpA), the regulator of mucoid phenotype 2 (rmpA2), and aerobactin (iucABCD and iutA). Thus, we set out in this study to analyze in depth the genetic basis of the pEBSI036-1-NDM-VIR and pEBSI036-2-KPC plasmids. We report a high-risk clone ST11 KL47 serotype of a CR-HvKP strain isolated from the blood of a 60-year-old hospitalized female patient from the intensive care unit (ICU) in a tertiary care hospital in Egypt, which showed the cohabitation of a novel hybrid plasmid coharboring the blaNDM-1 and virulence genes and a blaKPC-2-carrying plasmid.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology > Bacteria > QW 138 Enterobacteriaceae
QW Microbiology and Immunology > QW 45 Microbial drug resistance. General or not elsewhere classified.
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WB Practice of Medicine > Therapeutics > WB 330 Drug therapy
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Department of Tropical Disease Biology
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 28 May 2021 08:49
Last Modified: 28 May 2021 08:49


View details

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item