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An open dataset of Plasmodium falciparum genome variation in 7,000 worldwide samples

Ahouidi, Ambroise, Ali, Mozam, Almagro-Garcia, Jacob, Amambua-Ngwa, Alfred, Amaratunga, Chanaki, Amato, Roberto, Amenga-Etego, Lucas, Andagalu, Ben, Anderson, Tim J. C., Andrianaranjaka, Voahangy, Apinjoh, Tobias, Ariani, Cristina, Ashley, Elizabeth A, Auburn, Sarah, Awandare, Gordon A., Ba, Hampate, Baraka, Vito, Barry, Alyssa E., Bejon, Philip, Bertin, Gwladys I., Boni, Maciej F., Borrmann, Steffen, Bousema, Teun, Branch, Oralee, Bull, Peter C., Busby, George B. J., Chookajorn, Thanat, Chotivanich, Kesinee, Claessens, Antoine, Conway, David, Craig, Alister ORCID:, D'Alessandro, Umberto, Dama, Souleymane, Day, Nicholas PJ, Denis, Brigitte, Diakite, Mahamadou, Djimdé, Abdoulaye, Dolecek, Christiane, Dondorp, Arjen M, Drakeley, Chris, Drury, Eleanor, Duffy, Patrick, Echeverry, Diego F., Egwang, Thomas G., Erko, Berhanu, Fairhurst, Rick M., Faiz, Abdul, Fanello, Caterina A., Fukuda, Mark M., Gamboa, Dionicia, Ghansah, Anita, Golassa, Lemu, Goncalves, Sonia, Hamilton, William L., Harrison, G. L. Abby, Hart, Lee, Henrichs, Christa, Hien, Tran Tinh, Hill, Catherine A., Hodgson, Abraham, Hubbart, Christina, Imwong, Mallika, Ishengoma, Deus S., Jackson, Scott A., Jacob, Chris G., Jeffery, Ben, Jeffreys, Anna E., Johnson, Kimberly J., Jyothi, Dushyanth, Kamaliddin, Claire, Kamau, Edwin, Kekre, Mihir, Kluczynski, Krzysztof, Kochakarn, Theerarat, Konaté, Abibatou, Kwiatkowski, Dominic P., Kyaw, Myat Phone, Lim, Pharath, Lon, Chanthap, Loua, Kovana M., Maïga-Ascofaré, Oumou, Malangone, Cinzia, Manske, Magnus, Marfurt, Jutta, Marsh, Kevin, Mayxay, Mayfong, Miles, Alistair, Miotto, Olivo, Mobegi, Victor, Mokuolu, Olugbenga A., Montgomery, Jacqui, Mueller, Ivo, Newton, Paul N., Nguyen, Thuy, Nguyen, Thuy-Nhien, Noedl, Harald, Nosten, Francois, Noviyanti, Rintis, Nzila, Alexis, Ochola-Oyier, Lynette I., Ocholla, Harold, Oduro, Abraham, Omedo, Irene, Onyamboko, Marie A., Ouedraogo, Jean-Bosco, Oyebola, Kolapo, Pearson, Richard D., Peshu, Norbert, Phyo, Aung Pyae, Plowe, Chris V., Price, Ric N., Pukrittayakamee, Sasithon, Randrianarivelojosia, Milijaona, Rayner, Julian C., Ringwald, Pascal, Rockett, Kirk A., Rowlands, Katherine, Ruiz, Lastenia, Saunders, David, Shayo, Alex, Siba, Peter, Simpson, Victoria J., Stalker, Jim, Su, Xin-zhuan, Sutherland, Colin, Takala-Harrison, Shannon, Tavul, Livingstone, Thathy, Vandana, Tshefu, Antoinette, Verra, Federica, Vinetz, Joseph, Wellems, Thomas E., Wendler, Jason, White, Nicholas J., Wright, Ian, Yavo, William and Ye, Htut (2021) 'An open dataset of Plasmodium falciparum genome variation in 7,000 worldwide samples'. Wellcome Open Research, Vol 6, p. 42.

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MalariaGEN is a data-sharing network that enables groups around the world to work together on the genomic epidemiology of malaria. Here we describe a new release of curated genome variation data on 7,000 Plasmodium falciparum samples from MalariaGEN partner studies in 28 malaria-endemic countries. High-quality genotype calls on 3 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and short indels were produced using a standardised analysis pipeline. Copy number variants associated with drug resistance and structural variants that cause failure of rapid diagnostic tests were also analysed. Almost all samples showed genetic evidence of resistance to at least one antimalarial drug, and some samples from Southeast Asia carried markers of resistance to six commonly-used drugs. Genes expressed during the mosquito stage of the parasite life-cycle are prominent among loci that show strong geographic differentiation. By continuing to enlarge this open data resource we aim to facilitate research into the evolutionary processes affecting malaria control and to accelerate development of the surveillance toolkit required for malaria elimination.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Genetics > QU 470 Genetic structures
QV Pharmacology > Anti-Inflammatory Agents. Anti-Infective Agents. Antineoplastic Agents > QV 256 Antimalarials
QX Parasitology > Protozoa > QX 135 Plasmodia
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 510 Mosquitoes
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
SWORD Depositor: JISC Pubrouter
Depositing User: JISC Pubrouter
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2021 09:05
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2021 09:05


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