LSTM Home > LSTM Research > LSTM Online Archive

A tale of three pandemics: Shining a light on a hidden problem

Graham, Simon, Laubscher, Maritz, Lalloo, David ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7680-2200, Harrison, William James and Maqungo, Sithombo (2021) 'A tale of three pandemics: Shining a light on a hidden problem'. The Surgeon. (In Press)

[img] Text
A tale of three pandemics- 12.4.21.doc - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 22 June 2022.

Download (1MB)

Abstract

An “epidemic” is an event in which a disease, infectious or non-infectious, is actively spreading within a population and designated area. The term “pandemic” is defined as “an epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, crossing international boundaries and usually affecting a large number of people”.

The global response to the COVID-19 pandemic has not been seen since the outbreak of Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the early eighties. But there is another unseen pandemic running alongside the current COVID-19 pandemic, which affects a vast number of people, crossing international boundaries and occurring in every single country worldwide. The pandemic of traumatic injuries.

Traumatic injuries account for 11% of the current Global Burden of Disease, resulting in nearly 5 million deaths annually and is the third-leading cause of death worldwide. For every trauma-related death, it is estimated that up to 50 people sustain permanent or temporary disabilities. Furthermore, traumatic injuries occur at disproportionately higher rates in low- and middle-income countries, with approximately 90% of injuries and more than 90% of global deaths from injury occurring these countries.

Injuries are increasing worldwide, crossing international boundaries and affecting a large number of people, in the same manner Human Immunodeficiency Virus did in the 1980’s and COVID-19 is today. The tremendous global effort to tackle the COVID-19 and Human Immunodeficiency Virus pandemics has occurred whilst ignoring the comparable pandemic of injury. Without change and future engagement with policy makers and international donors this disparity is likely to continue.
Keywords: COVID-19, human immunodeficiency virus, injuries, trauma, pandemic

Highlights
• The global response to the COVID-19 pandemic has not been seen since the outbreak of Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the early eighties
• There is another unseen pandemic which affects a vast number of people, crossing international boundaries and occurring in every single country worldwide - injury
• Traumatic injuries account for 11% of the current Global Burden of Disease (GBD), resulting in nearly 5 million deaths annually and is the third-leading cause of death worldwide
• They occur at disproportionately higher rates in low- and middle-income countries
• Without change and future engagement with policy makers and international donors this disparity is likely to continue

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology > Viruses > QW 160 Viruses (General). Virology
WA Public Health > WA 105 Epidemiology
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Viral Respiratory Tract Infections. Respirovirus Infections > WC 505 Viral respiratory tract infections
WO Surgery > Traumatic Injuries > WO 700 General works
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Clinical Sciences & International Health > International Public Health Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surge.2021.04.005
Depositing User: Debbie Jenkins
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2021 15:45
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2021 15:45
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/18635

Statistics

View details

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item