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2La Paracentric Chromosomal Inversion and Overexpressed Metabolic Genes Enhance Thermotolerance and Pyrethroid Resistance in the Major Malaria Vector Anopheles gambiae

Ibrahim, SulaimanSadi, Mukhtar, Muhammad M, Muhammad, Abdullahi and Wondji, Charles ORCID: (2021) '2La Paracentric Chromosomal Inversion and Overexpressed Metabolic Genes Enhance Thermotolerance and Pyrethroid Resistance in the Major Malaria Vector Anopheles gambiae'. Biology, Vol 10, Issue 6, p. 518.

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Changes in global temperature are impacting the spread/intensity of vector-borne diseases, including malaria, and accelerating evolutionary/adaptive changes in vector species. These changes, including chromosomal inversions and overexpression and/or changes in allele frequencies of thermotolerance-associated genes, may facilitate insecticide resistance through pleiotropy. This study investigated the impact of thermotolerance on pyrethroid resistance in four populations of the malaria vector An. gambiae s.l., from the savanna/sub-Sahel of northern Nigeria. Anopheles coluzzii and An. gambiae s.s. were the only malaria vectors found, sympatric in all the sites, with the former species predominant. High thermotolerance was observed, with no mortality at 38 °C, and LT50 of ~44 °C. Significantly high permethrin resistance was observed (mortality < 50%) in 44 °C heat-hardened (exposure to an intermediately high temperature provides protection to a more severe temperature or insecticide) larvae from two sites, BUK and Pantami, compared with the control, and heat-hardened adult females from Auyo (mortality = 3.00% ± 1.20, χ2 = 5.83, p < 0.01) compared with the control (12.00% ± 4.65). The 2La chromosomal inversion was detected at ~50% in subset of larvae and 58% in subset of adult females genotyped. A significant association was observed (OR = 7.2, p < 0.03) between permethrin resistance and the 2La/+a rearrangement compared with 2L+a/+a, in BUK larvae. For all sites, permethrin resistance correlated with 2La/a homozygosity in adult females (R = 5.02, p = 0.01). qRT-PCR identified six genes commonly induced/overexpressed, including the heat shock protein 70 (AGAP004581) which was 2468× and 5× overexpressed in heat-hardened and permethrin-resistant females, respectively; trehalose-6-phosphate synthase (AGAP008227); and the ionotropic glutamate receptor genes, IR25a (AGAP010272) and IR21a (AGAP008511). This study highlights challenges associated with insecticide-based malaria vector control, and the epidemiological significance of taking climate variables into account for the design/choice of control measures

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Genetics > QU 450 General Works
QX Parasitology > QX 4 General works
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 510 Mosquitoes
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 515 Anopheles
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Samantha Sheldrake
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2021 15:20
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2022 15:54


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