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Surviving sepsis campaign: international guidelines for management of sepsis and septic shock 2021

Evans, Laura, Rhodes, Andrew, Alhazzani, Waleed, Antonelli, Massimo, Coopersmith, Craig M., French, Craig, Machado, Flávia R., Mcintyre, Lauralyn, Ostermann, Marlies, Prescott, Hallie C., Schorr, Christa, Simpson, Steven, Wiersinga, W. Joost, Alshamsi, Fayez, Angus, Derek C., Arabi, Yaseen, Azevedo, Luciano, Beale, Richard, Beilman, Gregory, Belley-Cote, Emilie, Burry, Lisa, Cecconi, Maurizio, Centofanti, John, Coz Yataco, Angel, De Waele, Jan, Dellinger, R. Phillip, Doi, Kent, Du, Bin, Estenssoro, Elisa, Ferrer, Ricard, Gomersall, Charles, Hodgson, Carol, Møller, Morten Hylander, Iwashyna, Theodore, Jacob, Shevin ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2425-9394, Kleinpell, Ruth, Klompas, Michael, Koh, Younsuck, Kumar, Anand, Kwizera, Arthur, Lobo, Suzana, Masur, Henry, McGloughlin, Steven, Mehta, Sangeeta, Mehta, Yatin, Mer, Mervyn, Nunnally, Mark, Oczkowski, Simon, Osborn, Tiffany, Papathanassoglou, Elizabeth, Perner, Anders, Puskarich, Michael, Roberts, Jason, Schweickert, William, Seckel, Maureen, Sevransky, Jonathan, Sprung, Charles L., Welte, Tobias, Zimmerman, Janice and Levy, Mitchell (2021) 'Surviving sepsis campaign: international guidelines for management of sepsis and septic shock 2021'. Intensive Care Medicine, Vol 47, Issue 11, pp. 1181-1247.

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Abstract

Background
Sepsis poses a global threat to millions of lives. The Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) guidelines provide evidence-based recommendations on the recognition and management of sepsis and its complications.
Methods
We formed a panel of 60 experts from 22 countries and 11 members of the public. The panel prioritized questions that are relevant to the recognition and management of sepsis and septic shock in adults. New questions and sections were addressed, relative to the previous guidelines. These questions were grouped under 6 subgroups (screening and early treatment, infection, hemodynamics, ventilation, additional therapies, and long-term outcomes and goals of care). With input from the panel and methodologists, professional medical librarians performed the search strategy tailored to either specific questions or a group of relevant questions. A dedicated systematic review team performed screening and data abstraction when indicated. For each question, the methodologists, with input from panel members, summarized the evidence assessed and graded the quality of evidence using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. The panel generated recommendations using the evidence-to-decision framework. Recommendations were either strong or weak, or in the form of best practice statements. When evidence was insufficient to support a recommendation, the panel was surveyed to generate “in our practice” statements.
Results
The SSC panel issued 93 statements: 15 best practice statements, 15 strong recommendations, and 54 weak recommendations and no recommendation was provided for 9 questions. The recommendations address several important clinical areas related to screening tools, acute resuscitation strategies, management of fluids and vasoactive agents, antimicrobials and diagnostic tests and the use of additional therapies, ventilation management, goals of care, and post sepsis care.
Conclusion
The SSC panel issued evidence-based recommendations to help support key stakeholders caring for adults with sepsis or septic shock and their families.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > Health Administration and Organization > WA 525 General works
WA Public Health > Health Administration and Organization > WA 530 International health administration
WC Communicable Diseases > Infection. Bacterial Infections > Bacterial Infections > WC 240 Bacteremia. Sepsis. Toxemias
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-021-06506-y
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2021 14:32
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2021 14:32
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/19349

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