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Interruption of tuberculosis detection and care during the Ebola virus disease epidemic (2014–2015) in Liberia: time-series analyses for 2013–2017

Gray, Keith L., Walker, Naomi ORCID:, Martineau, Frederick, Bhadelia, Nahid, Harmon-Gray, Wahdae-mai, Skrip, Laura A., DeMarco, Jean, Konwloh, Patrick and Dunbar, Nelson (2021) 'Interruption of tuberculosis detection and care during the Ebola virus disease epidemic (2014–2015) in Liberia: time-series analyses for 2013–2017'. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol 112, pp. 13-20.

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Interrupted time-series analyses, using 5 years of routinely collected health information system data, were conducted to estimate the magnitude of impact of the 2014–2015 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic and determine trends in tuberculosis (TB) care services in Liberia.
A segmented linear regression model was used to generate estimates and predictions for trends for three TB service indicators before, during, and after EVD, from January 2013 to December 2017.
It was found that the number of presumptive TB cases declined significantly at the start of the EVD outbreak, with an estimated loss of 3222 cases (95% confidence interval (CI) −5691 to −752; P = 0.014). There was also an estimated loss of 709 cases per quarter post-EVD (95% CI −1346 to −71; P = 0.032). However, over the post-EVD period, quarterly increases were observed in the proportion of smear-positive to presumptive cases (1.45%, 95% CI 0.38% to 2.5%; P = 0.011) and the proportion of treatment success to TB cases evaluated (3.3%, 95% CI 0.82% to 5.79%; P = 0.013).
These findings suggest that the EVD outbreak (2014–2015) negatively affected TB care services. Rigorous quantitative analyses can be used to assess the magnitude of interruption and advocate for preparedness in settings with limited healthcare capacity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology > Viruses > QW 160 Viruses (General). Virology
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers. Other Virus Diseases > WC 534 Viral hemorrhagic fevers
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 200 Tuberculosis (General)
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 220 Diagnosis. Prognosis
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 310 Therapy
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 315 Diet. Rest. Exercise. Home care
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2021 11:49
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2021 11:49


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