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Urban malaria in sub-Saharan Africa: dynamic of the vectorial system and the entomological inoculation rate

Doumbe-Belisse, P., Kopya, E., Ngadjeu, C. S., Sonhafouo-Chiana, N., Talipouo, A., Djamouko-Djonkam, L., Awono-Ambene, H. P., Wondji, Charles ORCID:, Njiokou, F. and Antonio-Nkondjio, C (2021) 'Urban malaria in sub-Saharan Africa: dynamic of the vectorial system and the entomological inoculation rate'. Malaria Journal, Vol 20, Issue 1, p. 364.

Urban malaria in sub-Saharan Africa- dynamic of the vectorial system and the entomological inoculation rate Soumbe Belisse et al 2021 Published version CWondji Nov 21.pdf - Published Version
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Sub-Saharan Africa is registering one of the highest urban population growth across the world. It is estimated that over 75% of the population in this region will be living in urban settings by 2050. However, it is not known how this rapid urbanization will affect vector populations and disease transmission. The present study summarizes findings from studies conducted in urban settings between the 1970s and 2020 to assess the effects of urbanization on the entomological inoculation rate pattern and anopheline species distribution. Different online databases such as PubMed, ResearchGate, Google Scholar, Google were screened. A total of 90 publications were selected out of 1527. Besides, over 200 additional publications were consulted to collate information on anopheline breeding habitats and
species distribution in urban settings. The study confirms high malaria transmission in rural compared to urban settings. The study also suggests that there had been an increase in malaria transmission in most cities after 2003, which could also be associated with an increase in sampling, resources and reporting. Species of the Anopheles gambiae complex were the predominant vectors in most urban settings. Anopheline larvae were reported to have adapted to
different aquatic habitats. The study provides updated information on the distribution of the vector population and the dynamic of malaria transmission in urban settings. The study also highlights the need for implementing integrated control strategies in urban settings.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Mel Finley
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2021 10:57
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 10:58


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