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Prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum in local and imported cattle breeds in the Kars province of Turkey

Akca, A., Gokce, H. I., Guy, C. S., McGarry, J.W. and Williams, Diana J.L. (2005) 'Prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum in local and imported cattle breeds in the Kars province of Turkey'. Research in Veterinary Science, Vol 78, Issue 2, pp. 123-126.

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This study investigates the seroprevalence of Neospora caninum in cattle in the province of Kars in north-eastern Turkey. A total of 301 serum samples, 228 from local breeds of cows with a history of recent abortion and the remaining 73 collected at random from Simmental cows imported from Germany or their offspring, were tested for anti-Neospora antibodies by ELISA. All the serum samples from local breeds were negative for N. caninum antibodies, apart from one which tested inconclusive. In contrast six of the samples (8.2% with 95%CI: 2-14.5%) from Simmental cows tested positive. There was a significant difference (P < 0.001) in the seroprevalence of N. caninum between local and Simmental breeds, even if the inconclusive test was considered positive, and the odds ratio of its occurrence in the Simmental breed was 20.3. In conclusion, it is unlikely that N. caninum contributes to abortion in local cattle breeds and our results also suggest that N. caninum was introduced to the region by the importation of Simmental cattle and that the vertical transmission of the parasite in cattle is important in the region. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: neospora caninum cattle breed seroprevalence serum antibody reproductive-performance dairy-cattle infection dogs cows seroprevalence transmission association phylogeny
Subjects: QX Parasitology > QX 4 General works
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Ms Julia Martin
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2011 09:55
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2021 13:33


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