LSTM Home > LSTM Research > LSTM Online Archive

Integration of whole genome sequencing and transcriptomics reveals a complex picture of the reestablishment of insecticide resistance in the major malaria vector Anopheles coluzzii

Ingham, Victoria ORCID:, Tennessen, Jacob A., Lucas, Eric ORCID:, Elg, Sara, Carrington Yates, Henrietta, Carson, Jessica, Guelbeogo, Wamdaogo Moussa, Sagnon, N’Fale, Hughes, Grant ORCID:, Heinz, Eva ORCID:, Neafsey, Daniel E. and Ranson, Hilary ORCID: (2021) 'Integration of whole genome sequencing and transcriptomics reveals a complex picture of the reestablishment of insecticide resistance in the major malaria vector Anopheles coluzzii'. PLoS Genetics, Vol 17, Issue 12, e1009970.

[img] Text
Banfora_review_editorial_corrections.docx - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (164kB)
journal.pgen.1009970.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB) | Preview


Insecticide resistance is a major threat to gains in malaria control, which have been stalling and potentially reversing since 2015. Studies into the causal mechanisms of insecticide resistance are painting an increasingly complicated picture, underlining the need to design and implement targeted studies on this phenotype. In this study, we compare three populations of the major malaria vector An. coluzzii: a susceptible and two resistant colonies with the same genetic background. The original colonised resistant population rapidly lost resistance over a 6-month period, a subset of this population was reselected with pyrethroids, and a third population of this colony that did not lose resistance was also available. The original resistant, susceptible and re-selected colonies were subject to RNAseq and whole genome sequencing, which identified a number of changes across the transcriptome and genome linked with resistance. Firstly, an increase in the expression of genes within the oxidative phosphorylation pathway were seen in both resistant populations compared to the susceptible control; this translated phenotypically through an increased respiratory rate, indicating that elevated metabolism is linked directly with resistance. Genome sequencing highlighted several blocks clearly associated with resistance, including the 2Rb inversion. Finally, changes in the microbiome profile were seen, indicating that the microbial composition may play a role in the resistance phenotype. Taken together, this study reveals a highly complicated phenotype in which multiple transcriptomic, genomic and microbiome changes combine to result in insecticide resistance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Genetics > QU 460 Genomics. Proteomics
QU Biochemistry > Genetics > QU 550 Genetic techniques. PCR. Chromosome mapping
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 515 Anopheles
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 650 Insect vectors
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 110 Prevention and control of communicable diseases. Transmission of infectious diseases
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 750 Malaria
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Samantha Sheldrake
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2022 11:37
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2022 15:08


View details

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item