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Developing a tool to measure tuberculosis-related stigma in workplaces in Indonesia: An internal validation study

Soemarko, Dewi Sumaryani, Halim, Frisca Aprillia, Kekalih, Aria, Yunus, Faisal, Werdhani, Retno Asti, Sugiharto, Agus, Mansyur, Muchtaruddin, Wingfield, Tom ORCID: and Fuady, Ahmad (2023) 'Developing a tool to measure tuberculosis-related stigma in workplaces in Indonesia: An internal validation study'. SSM - Population Health, Vol 21, e101337.

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Workers with tuberculosis (TB) are often stigmatized, negatively impacting their socioeconomic position, mental health, and TB treatment outcomes. There is a dearth of validated tools to assess stigma in the worker population. This study aimed to develop and validate a novel, culturally adapted tool to measure TB-related stigma among workers in Indonesia. We translated, adapted, applied, and internally validated Van Rie's TB-Stigma Scale to the worker population in varying sizes businesses (formal and informal business sectors) in Indonesia. Psychometric evaluation using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA) was performed to check the tool's internal consistency and reliability. The translation and cultural adaptation phases resulted in a final 11-item tool. From 172 participant responses, the EFA found two loading factors relating to responses on isolation and exclusion from the workplace. The CFA confirmed that the developed model had moderate fit with R2 values for each item ranging from 0.37 to 0.84. The tool was reliable (Cronbach's alpha 0.869). This validated, consistent and reliable adapted tool is ready to use in larger scale evaluations of TB-related stigma amongst workers in formal and informal business sectors of Indonesia to develop strategies to eliminate TB-related stigma from the workplace.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 200 Tuberculosis (General)
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 405 Tuberculosis in the workplace
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Lynn Roberts-Maloney
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2023 10:57
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2023 09:34


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