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Contextualising missed opportunities for children's vaccination: A theory-informed qualitative study in primary care settings in Cape Town, South Africa.

Nnaji, Chukwudi A, Wiysonge, Charles S, Cooper, Sara, Mayeye, Asanda, Luphondo, Lucy, Mabuya, Thobile, Kalui, Ntomboxolo, Lesosky, Maia ORCID: and Ndwandwe, Duduzile (2023) 'Contextualising missed opportunities for children's vaccination: A theory-informed qualitative study in primary care settings in Cape Town, South Africa.'. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, Vol 19, Issue 1, p. 2162771.

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This study aimed to explore the contextual factors that may be associated with missed opportunities for vaccination (MOV) from the perspectives of healthcare providers and caregivers attending primary healthcare facilities in the Cape Town Metro Health District, South Africa. The ultimate goal of the assessment was to help inform the design and implementation of a contextually appropriate quality improvement programme targeted at reducing MOV in primary healthcare settings. We used a theory-informed exploratory qualitative research design involving focus group discussions with caregivers of children aged 0-23 months; and in-depth interviews of facility staff. A thematic template analysis approach, integrating the theoretical domains framework (TDF) and the capability, opportunity and motivation model of behavior (COM-B) was used to code and analyze the data. Three focus group sessions were conducted, each consisting of 5-8 caregivers and five in-depth interviews involving facility staff. Capability factors comprised caregivers' knowledge, attitude and behavior toward children's immunization. Opportunity factors included the organization of immunization services, long waiting time, vaccine stock out, staff shortage and health workers' attitude, knowledge and capability to assess children's immunization status and needs. Motivation factors included optimism and beliefs about immunization, fear of vaccine-preventable diseases and immunization safety concerns. This study identified important caregiver-, provider- and health system-related factors, which influence immunization outcomes; offering useful contextual insights for informing quality improvement strategies for reducing MOV at primary healthcare level.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 108 Preventive health services. Preventive medicine. Travel Medicine.
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 115 Immunization
WA Public Health > WA 30 Socioeconomic factors in public health (General)
WS Pediatrics > WS 20 Research (General)
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
SWORD Depositor: JISC Pubrouter
Depositing User: JISC Pubrouter
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2023 13:41
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2023 14:53


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