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Zoonotic Tuberculosis: A Neglected Disease in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region

Kasir, Dalal, Osman, Nour, Awik, Aicha, El Ratel, Imane, Rafei, Rayane, Al Kassaa, Imad, ElSafadi, Dima, Salma, Rayane, El Omari, Khaled, Cummings, Kevin J., Kassem, Issmat I. and Osman, Marwan (2023) 'Zoonotic Tuberculosis: A Neglected Disease in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region'. Diseases, Vol 11, Issue 1, e39.

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Mycobacterium bovis is the etiologic agent of bovine tuberculosis (BTB), a serious infectious disease in both humans and animals. BTB is a zoonotic disease primarily affecting cattle and occasionally humans infected through close contact with infected hosts or the consumption of unpasteurized dairy products. Zoonotic tuberculosis is strongly associated with poverty and poor hygiene, and low- and middle-income countries bear the brunt of the disease. BTB has been increasingly recognized as a growing public health threat in developing countries. However, the lack of effective surveillance programs in many of these countries poses a barrier to accurately determining the true burden of this disease. Additionally, the control of BTB is threatened by the emergence of drug-resistant strains that affect the effectiveness of current treatment regimens. Here, we analyzed current trends in the epidemiology of the disease as well as the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of M. bovis in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, a region that includes several developing countries. Following PRISMA guidelines, a total of 90 studies conducted in the MENA region were selected. Our findings revealed that the prevalence of BTB among humans and cattle varied significantly according to the population size and country in the MENA region. Most of the available studies were based on culture and/or PCR strategies and were published without including data on antimicrobial resistance and molecular typing. Our findings highlighted the paramount need for the use of appropriate diagnostic tools and the implementation of sustainable control measures, especially at the human/animal interface, in the MENA region.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 950 Zoonoses (General)
WF Respiratory System > Tuberculosis > WF 200 Tuberculosis (General)
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > Clinical Sciences Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
SWORD Depositor: JISC Pubrouter
Depositing User: JISC Pubrouter
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2023 14:21
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2023 10:12


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