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Age-dependence of susceptibility to single and repeated deltamethrin exposure in pyrethroid-resistant Aedes aegypti strains

Al Nazawi, Ashwaq and Weetman, David ORCID: (2023) 'Age-dependence of susceptibility to single and repeated deltamethrin exposure in pyrethroid-resistant Aedes aegypti strains'. Current Research in Parasitology & Vector-Borne Diseases, Vol 3, e100121.

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Monitoring insecticide resistance is crucial in disease-transmitting mosquitoes to allow assessment of viable candidate insecticides to use for control and to provide indication of changes in resistance. Insecticide resistance bioassays are typically performed on young female mosquitoes, yet disease is transmitted by older females, which may also have encountered insecticide multiple times during their adult life. If insecticide mortality rates increase with age directly, or indirectly via cumulative toxicity from repeated exposure, the strategy of testing young mosquitoes as the least susceptible cohort would be supported. We tested three hypotheses via examination of how age and cumulative exposure impact mortality rates to the pyrethroid deltamethrin in strains of Aedes aegypti from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and the Cayman Islands, which show differences in resistance mechanisms. Females of different ages (5, 7, 10 and 14 days-old) were exposed using WHO tube assays to either a single dose of insecticide, or in a second experiment females (initially 5 days-old) were exposed daily over 10 days. Age only increased mortality in the Jeddah strain at 14 days-old and had no impact on the Cayman strain. This is consistent with greater impact linked to metabolic resistance in the Jeddah strain, though results from qPCR of four candidate genes, failed to provide evidence for a candidate underpinning an age-dependent change in resistance. With repeated exposure, mortality rates of surviving females decreased to very low levels, suggesting that surviving older cohorts of females may exhibit substantially lower susceptibility than young females in single exposure assays. Our results indicate that testing young females with a single insecticide exposure should capture minimum susceptibility for the majority of the population, but a small fraction of older females may prove particularly unresponsive to pyrethroid-based control measures.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 510 Mosquitoes
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 525 Aedes
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Infectious Mononucleosis. Arbovirus Infections > WC 528 Dengue
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
SWORD Depositor: JISC Pubrouter
Depositing User: JISC Pubrouter
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2023 14:37
Last Modified: 16 May 2023 11:48


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