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Pyrethroid-treated bed nets impair blood feeding performance in insecticide resistant mosquitoes

Barreaux, Priscille, Ranson, Hilary ORCID:, Foster, Geraldine ORCID: and McCall, Philip ORCID: (2023) 'Pyrethroid-treated bed nets impair blood feeding performance in insecticide resistant mosquitoes'. Scientific Reports, Vol 13, Issue 1, e10055.

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The blood feeding performance of female mosquitoes directly impacts their ability to transmit malaria. Yet their host seeking and blood feeding behaviours in the presence of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are still poorly understood. This work explores how both insecticide resistant and susceptible Anopheles gambiae s.l. mosquitoes interact with pyrethroid nets (PermaNet 2.0 or Olyset net) or an untreated net (UTN) while attempting to blood feed on a human arm. Regardless of mosquito resistance status, the ITNs did not efficiently prevent host searching but reduced blood feeding success by 34.1 (29.31–38.95) %. The Permanet and Olyset net reduced to 227.5 (208.19–246.77) sec and 235.9 (214.03–257.74) sec the average blood feeding duration from 369.9 (342.78–397.04) sec with the UTN. The ingested blood volume was on average 22% lower for all mosquitoes exposed to insecticide. When feeding through ITNs, the blood volume flow rate of the susceptible strain increased by 35%, but no significant difference was found in the resistant strain. Thus, whilst the presence of the insecticide in ITNs reduced mosquito blood feeding success and blood volume, the mosquito’s ability to respond by accelerating her rate of blood ingestion may further reduce the impact of ITNs on resistant mosquitoes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 510 Mosquitoes
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 110 Prevention and control of communicable diseases. Transmission of infectious diseases
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 765 Prevention and control
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
SWORD Depositor: JISC Pubrouter
Depositing User: JISC Pubrouter
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2023 10:13
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2023 10:13


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