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Larval midgut modifications associated with Bti resistance in the yellow fever mosquito using proteomic and transcriptomic approaches

Tetreau, Guillaume, Bayyareddy, Krishnareddy, Jones, Christopher ORCID:, Stalinski, Renaud, Riaz, Muhammad A, Paris, Margot, David, Jean-Philippe, Adang, Michael J and Després, Laurence (2012) 'Larval midgut modifications associated with Bti resistance in the yellow fever mosquito using proteomic and transcriptomic approaches'. BMC Genomics, Vol 13, Issue 1, p. 248.

1471-2164-13-248.pdf - Published Version
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Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (Bti) is a natural larval mosquito pathogen producing pore-forming toxins targeting the midgut of Diptera larvae. It is used worldwide for mosquito control. Resistance mechanisms of an Aedes aegypti laboratory strain selected for 30 generations with field-collected leaf litter containing Bti toxins were investigated in larval midguts at two levels: 1. gene transcription using DNA microarray and RT-qPCR and 2. differential expression of brush border membrane proteins using DIGE (Differential In Gel Electrophoresis).
Several Bti Cry toxin receptors including alkaline phosphatases and N-aminopeptidases and toxin-binding V-ATPases exhibited altered expression levels in the resistant strain. The under-expression of putative Bti-receptors is consistent with Bt-resistance mechanisms previously described in Lepidoptera. Four soluble metalloproteinases were found under-transcribed together with a drastic decrease of metalloproteinases activity in the resistant strain, suggesting a role in resistance by decreasing the amount of activated Cry toxins in the larval midgut.
By combining transcriptomic and proteomic approaches, we detected expression changes at nearly each step of the ingestion-to-infection process, providing a short list of genes and proteins potentially involved in Bti-resistance whose implication needs to be validated. Collectively, these results open the way to further functional analyses to better characterize Bti-resistance mechanisms in mosquitoes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aedes aegypti; Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis; DIGE; Microarray; RT-qPCR; Resistance; Transcriptomics; Proteomics; Midgut; Mosquito; Candidate genes
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Genetics > QU 460 Genomics. Proteomics
QW Microbiology and Immunology > Bacteria > QW 127 Gram-positive endospore forming bacteria.
QX Parasitology > QX 20 Research (General)
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 510 Mosquitoes
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Infectious Mononucleosis. Arbovirus Infections > WC 530 Yellow fever
Faculty: Department: Groups (2002 - 2012) > Vector Group
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Martin Chapman
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2014 16:28
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2022 11:09


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