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Novel parasitic nematode-specific protein of Setaria digitata largely localized in longitudinal muscles, reproductive systems and developing embryos

Rodrigo, W.W.P., Dassanayake, R.S. and Voronin, Denis (2014) 'Novel parasitic nematode-specific protein of Setaria digitata largely localized in longitudinal muscles, reproductive systems and developing embryos'. Experimental Parasitology, Vol 141, pp. 12-20.

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Parasitic nematodes may have common properties in parasitizing the host which are conferred by related parasitic proteins encoded by their genome. A novel protein characterized from bovine filarial nematode Setaria digitata was found to be present only in the parasitic nematodes and expressed at all the stages of the nematode’s life. In immunohistochemical staining using polyclonal antibodies prepared against recombinant S. digitata protein, the highest expression of S. digitata novel protein (SDNP) was seen in the longitudinal muscles of the body wall of adult males and females indicating its possible involvement in parasite locomotion. Moderate expression was observed in the reproductive organs of both sexes while showing gradual increase in the expression as the development of the reproductive tissue progressed suggesting its role in tissue transformation in male and female reproduction. A low level of expression was observed in the cuticle, syncytial hypodermis region, lateral line and the intestinal wall. Further, the expression of SDNP was also seen in developing microfilaria within the uterus of female worms, developing spermatozoa of males and different developmental stages of embryos implicating its involvement in nematode growth and development. Subcellular localization of SDNP carried out in yeast, Pichia pastoris using green fluorescence construct revealed that this protein localized mainly in the nucleus and partly in the cytoplasm. Comprehensive bioinformatics analyses indicated that this protein contains a nuclear localization signal, RNAP_Rpb7_N_like domain, regions that are homologous to a part of the nuclear factor localization-like domain, interdomain linkers of muscle specific twitchin kinase of Caenorhabditis elegans and calcium-dependent protein kinase isoform CDPK1 of Arabidopsis thaliana. Therefore, considering all the outcomes together, it can be suggested that the SDNP is a parasitic nematode-specific, nuclear and cytoplasmic protein that is likely to be regulated by reversible phosphorylation–dephosphorylation reaction, expressed in all the stages of nematode’s life having pivotal functional roles in muscle, reproductive systems, embryogenesis, and also in the growth and development.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QU Biochemistry > Genetics > QU 460 Genomics. Proteomics
QU Biochemistry > Proteins. Amino Acids. Peptides > QU 55 Proteins
QX Parasitology > Helminths. Annelida > QX 203 Nematoda
QX Parasitology > QX 45 Host-parasite relations
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Department of Tropical Disease Biology
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Lynn Roberts-Maloney
Date Deposited: 15 May 2015 14:25
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2018 13:09


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