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Does place and attendance at birth improve early neonatal mortality? Secondary analysis of nine Demographic and Health Surveys

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Bellizzi, S, Sobel, H L, Mathai, Matthews ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7352-9330 and Temmerman, M (2017) 'Does place and attendance at birth improve early neonatal mortality? Secondary analysis of nine Demographic and Health Surveys'. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Vol 124, Issue 10, pp. 1558-1565.

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Abstract

Objectives
To determine the relation between place and skilled birth attendance at birth and early neonatal mortality.

Design
Retrospective analysis using data from Demographic and Health Surveys on obstetric complications.

Setting
Nine low and middle income countries between 2006 and 2013.

Population
71 758 women aged 15–49 years.

Methods
A secondary analysis was carried out to investigate the occurrence and effect of obstetric complications on early neonatal mortality and association with place and attendance at birth. Obstetric complications studied were prolonged labour, puerperal infection and eclampsia.

Main outcome measures
Association between early neonatal mortality and place and attendance at birth, unadjusted and adjusted for presence of severe obstetric complications.

Results
Thirty-five percent of all births were at home: 70% of these were without skilled attendamts. Obstetric complications were reported in 17 079 women: 82% of these women gave birth in health facilities. Overall, no association was observed between place of birth or attendance at birth and early neonatal mortality. When adjusted for obstetric complications, the odds of early neonatal deaths for births at home without a skilled attendant were 1.3 (95% CI 1.1–1.5) compared with 1.2 (95% CI 1.0–1.5) with a skilled attendant and births in health facilities.

Conclusions
When adjusted for obstetric complications, births in health facilities were associated with reduced early neonatal mortality. However, reporting and referral bias account for at least part of the association.

Tweetable abstract
Births in health facilities are linked with fewer early newborn deaths when adjusted for obstetric complications.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: W General Medicine. Health Professions > W 21.5 Allied health personnel. Allied health professions
WA Public Health > Statistics. Surveys > WA 950 Theory or methods of medical statistics. Epidemiologic methods
WQ Obstetrics > WQ 500 Postnatal care
WS Pediatrics > By Age Groups > WS 420 Newborn infants. Neonatology
WY Nursing > WY 157.3 Maternal-child nursing. Neonatal nursing. Perinatal nursing
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > International Public Health Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.14422
SWORD Depositor: JISC Pubrouter
Depositing User: JISC Pubrouter
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2016 16:30
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2017 02:02
URI: http://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/6408

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