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A preliminary analysis on the effect of copper on Anopheles coluzzii insecticide resistance in vegetable farms in Benin

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Defo Talom, Armand, Agnes Essoung, Michele, Gbankoto, Adam, Tchigossou, Genevieve, Akoton, Romaric, Bangana, Sahabi Bio, Atoyebi, Seun Michael, Fotso, Apollin Kuate, Verspoor, Rudi L., Tamò, Manuele, Tchuinkam, Timoleon, Lehman, Gustave Leopold, Wondji, Charles ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0791-3673, Lines, Jo and Djouaka, Rousseau (2020) 'A preliminary analysis on the effect of copper on Anopheles coluzzii insecticide resistance in vegetable farms in Benin'. Scientific Reports, Vol 10, Issue 6392.

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Abstract

The use of agrochemicals in vegetable production could influence the selection for insecticide resistance in malaria vectors. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of information on the potential contribution of agrochemicals to insecticide resistance in Anopheles mosquitoes breeding on vegetable farms in southern Benin. A Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices study was conducted with 75 vegetable farmers from Houeyiho and Seme to determine the main agrochemicals used in vegetable production, and the concentration and frequency of application, among other details. Mosquitoes and breeding water were sampled from the farms for analysis. Bioassays were conducted on mosquitoes, while breeding water was screened for heavy metal and pesticide residue contamination. Lambda-cyhalothrin was the main insecticide (97.5%) used by farmers, and Anopheles coluzzii was the main mosquito identified. This mosquito species was resistant (30-63% mortality rate) to λ-cyhalothrin. It was also observed that 16.7% of the examined breeding sites were contaminated with λ-cyhalothrin residues. Furthermore, copper contamination detected in mosquito breeding sites showed a positive correlation (r=0.81; P=0.0017) with mosquito resistance to λ-cyhalothrin. The presence of copper in λ-cyhalothrin-free breeding sites, where mosquitoes have developed resistance to λ-cyhalothrin, suggests the involvement of copper in the insecticide resistance of malaria vectors; this, however, needs further investigation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 515 Anopheles
QX Parasitology > Insects. Other Parasites > QX 600 Insect control. Tick control
WA Public Health > Preventive Medicine > WA 240 Disinfection. Disinfestation. Pesticides (including diseases caused by)
WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WC Communicable Diseases > Tropical and Parasitic Diseases > WC 765 Prevention and control
Faculty: Department: Biological Sciences > Vector Biology Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63086-5
Depositing User: Mel Finley
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2020 13:17
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2020 13:17
URI: https://archive.lstmed.ac.uk/id/eprint/14283

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