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Integration of family planning services into health care for HIV‐positive women in Botswana

Hawkins, Lois, Gertz, Alida M., Badubi, Opelo, Sickboy, Ontiretse, Mussa, Aamirah, Maotwe, Tshego, Whittaker, Paul G., Schreiber, Courtney A., Ramagola‐Masire, Doreen and Morroni, Chelsea ORCID: (2021) 'Integration of family planning services into health care for HIV‐positive women in Botswana'. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, Vol 152, Issue 2, pp. 208-214.

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Objective: To create and assess a clinic model to address the unmet need for effective contraception among women living with HIV in Botswana, where half of all pregnancies are unintended and 30% of women of reproductive age are living with HIV.
Methods: We introduced family planning services into an HIV clinic in Gaborone, Botswana. Our intervention gave HIV providers brief training on contraceptive counseling plus the option of immediate referral of interested patients to an on-site contraception
provider. We administered a survey to patients and providers before and after intervention. Patients were female, aged 18–45 years and using antiretrovirals.
Results: At baseline, 6% of 141 patients discussed contraception with their HIV-care provider, compared with 61% of 107 post intervention (P < 0.001). At baseline, 6% of patients reported wanting to use long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). Post intervention, 45% of patients chose to meet with the contraception provider, and 29%
wanted to use LARC (P < 0.001 versus baseline). All providers strongly agreed that they were better informed about contraception post intervention and were satisfied with their ability to counsel and refer women for contraception.
Conclusions: Provision of on-site contraceptive services in this HIV clinic encouraged family planning discussions and increased interest in LARC.
Botswana, contraception, family planning, HIV, service integration

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WC Communicable Diseases > Virus Diseases > Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV Infections > WC 503 Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV infections
WP Gynecology > Contraception > WP 630 Contraception
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > International Public Health Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Depositing User: Rachel Dominguez
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2021 10:35
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2021 02:02


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