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Challenges in the eradication of Female Genital Mutilation / Cutting

McCauley, Mary ORCID: and van den Broek, Nynke ORCID: (2018) 'Challenges in the eradication of Female Genital Mutilation / Cutting'. International Health.

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Despite more than 40 y of discussion and debate regarding female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), this topic remains controversial and emotive, and the practice continues. FGM/C is defined as ‘all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs, whether for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons’.1 There are four main classifications of FGM/C (Table 1).1 Type III, or ‘infibulation’, is the most severe form and accounts for 10% of cases.2 It is estimated that more than 200 million girls and women worldwide are living with the effects of FGM/C.2 Of these, 44 million are <15 y of age.2 FGM/C is practised mainly in Africa, with the highest prevalence in Somalia, Egypt, Mali and Sudan, where more than 80% of all women between 15 and 49 y of age have undergone FGM/C.2,3 However, FGM/C is also prevalent in other settings including the Middle East, India and Indonesia. The specific type of FGM/C varies within and between countries.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health > Health Problems of Special Population Groups > WA 395 Health in developing countries
WP Gynecology > WP 100 General works
WP Gynecology > WP 20 Research (General)
WP Gynecology > Anatomy. Diseases. Injuries > WP 400 General works
Faculty: Department: Clinical Sciences & International Health > International Public Health Department
Digital Object Identifer (DOI):
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Stacy Murtagh
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2018 16:35
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2018 12:17


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